Job

Difference Between Job and Position

A job consists of a group of related activities and duties. Ideally, the duties of a job should consist of natural units of work that are similar and related. They should be clear and distinct from those of other jobs to minimize misunderstanding and conflict among employees and to enable employees to recognize what is expected of them.

For some jobs, several employees may be required, each of whom will occupy a separate position.

A position consists of different duties and responsibilities performed by only one employee. In a city library, for example, four employees (four positions) may be involved in reference work but all of them have only one job (reference librarian).

Where different jobs have similar duties and responsibilities, they may be grouped into a job family for purposes of recruitment, training, compensation, or advancement opportunities.

Key Terms!  
  • Job — A group of related activities and duties.
  • Position — The different duties and responsibilities performed by only one employee.
  • Job family — A group of individual jobs with similar characteristics.