Definition and Examples of Martyria

Martyria (etymologically from the Greek “marturion,” literally signifies “testimony”), is a figure of speech Opens in new window which consists when the speaker or a witness confirms something by virtue of his/her own experience.

The Speaker by this form of speech speaks of things distant from the knowledge of his hearers, and alledged his own testimonyOpens in new window, grounded upon his own knowledge, likewise, the judge recites the causes or cases falling out in his time and determined with the consent of the best opinions in his presence or place of authority.

In the same vein, the Physician makes report of his own proof in diseases and cures, and sometimes records them to the great benefit and good of the posterity.

Likewise, the traveller makes descriptions of Cities and Countries, where he has been, and declared the sundry fashions, and strange manners of far nations and people.

Notable Examples

    This figure consists when Prophet David opines:

  1. “I have seen the wicked in great prosperity, and flourishing like a green tree in its native soil, but he soon passed away and was no more.”

    — (Psalm 37:35/36)

  2. Also by Prophet David:

  3. “I have been young, and now am old, yet I have never seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging their bread.”

    —(Psalm 37:25)

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