Examples of Quantifier-Pronoun Flip
This study is a continuum of the designated study on Quantifiers. If you wish to learn all there is about Quantifiers, you may click this LINKOpens in new window. However, if your interest is based solely on Quantifier-Pronoun Flip, continue with this study.
When all, both, and each appear in a noun phrase (NP) whose head is a pronoun, they must be followed by of, and the pronoun is therefore in the object form, as shown in 12).
- 12a) All (of ) his books got good reviews.
- 12b) All of them got good reviews.
- 12c) Both of them got good reviews.
- 12d) Each of them got a good review.
- 12e) All them got good reviews.
The quantifier and the pronoun can optionally switch positions through a rule called QUANTIFIER-PRONOUN FLIP.
As 13) shows, when this happens, the pronoun, which no longer follows of, has the subject form.
- 13a) All of them got good reviews.
- 13b) They all got good reviews. → quantifier-pronoun flip