Understanding the Uses of Predicate Adjectives
Every day we ask people to describe how they are feeling, saying “How are you?” The reply they give, such as “I’m fine” or “I’m a little sick today,” is a special kind of sentence that has a predicate adjective.
A predicate adjective is an adjectiveOpens in new window that comes after a linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence.
- The mission was interesting.
- Roses are red.
- Violets are blue.
- His fingers are tiny.
- Because his underarm deodorant is prune-scented, Gary is angry.
- The new solar-powered laptop computers were expensive.
These sentences all contain predicate adjectives (words in bold) and linking verbs (words in italics).
The verb that links the subject and the adjective is appropriately called a linking verb Opens in new window.
Every predicate adjective has a linking verb. Most of the time (but not always) the linking verb is some form of the verb to be.
Now, let’s pause a bit and take a quick look at linking verbs.
|Linking Verbs: Forms of to be|
- The facilities are excellent.
|Other linking verbs|
|seem||smell||sound (and) taste|
- The students looked confused.
Step by Step Guide to Write a Sentence with a Predicate Adjective
- Step 1: Pick a subject: Sanitation
- Step 2: Pick some adjectives that describe the subject:
Adjectives: strenuous, logical, exhausting, taxing
- Step 3: Add a form of the linking verb to be (or other linking verb) to link the subject with the adjective. (See forms of Linking Verbs above)
- Step 4: use steps 1 – 3 to form a Sentence with Predicate Adjective:
- Sanitation is strenuous.