Pronoun Antecedent

Identifying the Pronoun Antecedent

Antecedent means that which comes before: it represents the word for which a pronoun stands or to which it refers back.

The antecedent of a pronounOpens in new window is basically a nounOpens in new window or another pronoun.

In Example 1 below, his refers to Andrew. Andrew is the antecedent of the pronoun his.

The construction in Example II contains two pronouns and two antecedents.

Gretchen and her parent is the antecedent of the pronoun their.

In 3), its refers to the phrase being a woman in a male-dominated profession. The entire phrase is the antecedent.

Basic Rules for Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in numberOpens in new window (singular or plural), person (first, second, or third) and genderOpens in new window (masculine, feminine, or neuter).